Perhaps you have ever wondered how tires are made? Your tires will be the only grip and contact between your car and the trail; they allow safe and handled manoeuvrability of your car and you want them to offer you a comfortable and smooth drive, but you also want those to last and be hard wearing. tyres
There’s far more thought and technology that goes into making a tyre than most people think. With new tyre technologies and design ideas always developing, tyre manufacturers are constantly trying to push the boundaries of the actual can achieve to optimise performance and durability, and make tires more economical or enviroment friendly.
Many people assume tires are just realized from rubber and stuffed with air; very few know about the complex structure and different materials used to make them. Some components are apparent like the tread and sidewall, but there are others that are hidden inside the tyre or the plastic compound itself.
Nowadays, pipe tyres are a thing of the past, and modern tyres come with a tube fixed to the inside called the lining. The sidewall helps makes it rigid and protects the carcass, this in turn increases the ride quality. In most cases, a tyre with a more substantial sidewall tyre is more comfortable than a low-profile one as it has more flex in the sidewall and hence absorbs the road imperfections better.
The tread is the part of the tyre that makes contact with the trail, and there are many different tread designs to bring different benefits to a vehicle’s grip and handling. A tyre manufacturer’s objective is to make a tread design that can give better grip in all conditions and handle with the demands and stresses that are placed on the tyre in all driving conditions. The bead is actually secures the tyre to the rim, made up of a handmade wire and rubber main.
Steel wire or a textile fabric accocunts for the belt, and its main job is to enhance the structure, protecting it from impacts sustained on the road. A tyre needs to offer good heat dispersal and allow this to happen each tyre has an advantage of rubber on both sides, known as the shoulder.
The tyre body must resist the tensions caused by the frequent pressures put on it by the forces that occur in acceleration, stopping and changing direction. To get this, the inner power cord must support the weight and absorb impact. The chafer is the liner between the tyre and the rim and helps to protect the cord as it appears on the edge wheel.
There are also several different specialty tires which may have been developed to solve specific issues or problems that motorists face:
Run Flat Tyres
Generally there are two different ways of designing a run flat tyre. The best is a rim clip, which is simply a rubber show that stops the tyre rim piercing a gap in your tyre if this goes flat. A a bit more advanced version has Recognized Tyre Sidewalls (RTS). This kind of is a tool that fits around the metallic rim of your tyre and is also able to support the weight of your car, even if the tyres run flat as you drive. This greatly drops your risk of an accident caused by a flat tyre.
Eco tyres are designed with fuel intake reduction in mind, and are made to help the environment and save you money without lowering the overall performance of your automobile. They aim to reduce the resistance between the tyre and the street, and this means you have to use less fuel to get you moving smoothly. This does indeed however mean you’re lessening safety in wet or slippery conditions. However, modern low resistance tyres have a silica compound in the tread to make the tyre absorb more resistance from the trail without compromising on grip quality. Estimates on the utilization of an eco tyre reveal that you could wrap up saving around? 65 a year!
Nitrogen Filled Tires
Nitrogen is a choice that not many of all of us would think about placing in our tyres to keep them inflated, but it’s what racers and aviation officials have used for years! By mixing up nitrogen with the air in your tyres you are limiting how much oxygen seeps out of your tyres as you drive, which effectively decreases down the deflation, minimizing the risk of traveling with a flat tyre and the amount of maintenance required in the checking of your tyre pressures.