EV Basics II – An Electric Vehicle Primer

Crucial Acronyms:

BEV – Battery pack electric vehicle, a vehicle which uses only power packs and one or more motors to give the pressure that makes it go. Bintelli Electric Vehicles

EV – Electric vehicle, any vehicle that uses electrical power to provide some or all of it is propulsive force.

FCEV – Fuel cell electric vehicle, an electric vehicle which uses a hydrogen gas cell as its source of electrical power.

HEV – Hybrid electric vehicle, a car or truck that uses both an GLACIERS and an electric motor unit. 

ICE – Internal combustable engine, the powerplant of choice for the filthy, inefficient vehicles of the 20th Century.

PHEV – Plug-in hybrid vehicle, a hybrid vehicle with a battery pack that can be charged from a wall socket.

Have you just developed a in electric vehicles? Looking to learn some EV basic principles? You’ve come to the right place! Read on, and you should start your education on the wonders of EVs. In this article, I will introduce viewers to some of the various various sorts of EVs and explaing some of the advantages and issues associated with each type. Remember that this article is merely an introduction. Let me personally go into more more detail on different aspects of the subject matter in future installments of the “EV Basics” series.

There are numerous different power trains available which use electric engines. The easiest of these vehicles is the battery electric vehicle or BEV. This kind of is a pure electric vehicle which uses only a battery pack and an electric motor to store energy and create the power required to make the car or pick up truck move. BEVs have recently been around for a long time. In 1835, Jones Davenport built a train operated by a tiny electric motor. Initially of the 20th Century, BEVs participated quite successfully with ICE-powered vehicles. It absolutely was not until Henry Ford started building the Model T that gasoline-powered cars that BEVs faded from public view.

In the 1960s, BEVs commenced to make a comeback. Affinity for electric vehicles has grown steadily since then as concerns about pollution and dependence on foreign oil have permeated mainstream consciousness. Currently, BEVs are being designed and constructed in a wide variety of styles and templates, from electric scooters, to low-speed electric cars such as those produced by Zenn Motor Company, to high-power freeway burners including the two-seat Tesla Roadster or the family-friendly, five-passenger eBox by AC Propulsion.

BEVs must face a few hurdles if they happen to be to replace ICE-only cars as our primary method of travel. Historically, they have experienced limited driving range, significantly less than the product range of a gasoline-powered car. In addition, BEV have generally taken several hours to recharge the battery bunch. In a world by which people have gotten used to instant gratification, this poses a real problem. The good news is that so many people are working on these issues, and dramatic advancements are being made in both range and recharged time. Current EV designs have achieved ranges increased than 300 miles and charging times have recently been brought down to two hours or less in some models charged with high-powered “smart” chargers.

In the 1990s, Honda and Toyota introduced the American driving public to the hybrid electric vehicle or HEV. These vehicles use both an ICE and an electric motor. Generally there are many types of HEVs which layout the engine and the motor in either a parallel or a series configuration. Inside a series configuration, the ICE acts only as an electrical generator. In a parallel configuration ice cubes again acts as a generator, it also drives the vehicle’s wheels just as the engine would do in an ICE-only vehicle.

HEVs provide significant benefits over ICE-only cars in two distinct areas. First of all, the electric motor allows engineers to operate the ICE more proficiently because an HEV can count heavily on the electric motor at points in which the ICE would be operating very slowly,. Secondly, the battery load up within an HEV can be used to rekindle the power used while stopping. To do this, engineers create regenerative braking systems which used the electrical resistance of a generator to halt the car down long before they mechanical brake systems come into play. The energy from the electrical generator is then trapped in the battery pack for future use. In a car without regenerative braking, all this energy is lost by creating heat and wearing down the foot brake pads.

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